the national website of Interpretation Canada


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Wish you could track down a particular article? Maybe you are researching a new program idea, or just prefer not to reinvent the wheel -
You’ve come to the right place!

Top Articles
Members log in to access and find articles by browsing keywords, authors, descriptions and issues here, or browse index below.
Playmaking by Collective Creation
Ten proven steps for using theatre to bring your site to life.
keywords: drama, theatre, tourism, writing, script
Canglish: Spelling the Canadian-English Way Part 2
Why and how is Canadian spelling different? Context from AD 1383 to today.
keywords: Canada, Language, spelling, style, writing
Oceans of Emotion: Baba Dioum Revisited
Gallery renovations at the Vancouver Aquarium used a non-traditional approach to interpretation.
keywords: exhibit, plan, emotion, technology, action
Tundra Trek at the Toronto Zoo
Research and design of a new exhibit area explained.
keywords: exhibit, plan, theme, climate change, Aboriginal
Hearts First - Then Minds
New research supports using emotion, and not providing too much information.
keywords: outcome, emotion, principles, objective, plan
On-board Interpretation: Princess of Acadia
Ferry across Bay of Fundy partners with New Brunswick Museum and everyone benefits.
keywords: partnership, tourism, ferry, museum, visitation
Members  log in to search by keyword, author, description and issue here, and to access articles.

Index to Articles

Written by and for interpreters, InterpScan journal articles are full of current good practice!


  • Jane’s Walks and iPads
  • Boomtown Trail Touring App
  • Land of the Silver Birch
  • Guide to Free-choice Learning
  • The Courage to Interpret
  • Real Raptors visit Yukon
  • Reach Youth and Increase Participation Tenfold
  • My 5-M Model of Mentors
  • Preschoolers in the Museum
  • John MacFarlane Moves On


  • Hearts First - Then Minds
  • Elephants, Us, and Sustainable Development
  • I and I Interpret
  • Divide and Conquer: Visitor Segmentation
  • Tundra Trek at the Toronto Zoo
  • Snap Shot: Interpretation in Canada
  • Beginning with the Band
  • Program Planning and Evaluation At Fort Edmonton


  • Power of Partnerships: linking with others to enhance your programs
  • Speaking with Authority: New Canadians, Language and Interpretation
  • Steps in Planning an Interpretive Program
  • On-board Interpretation: Princess of Acadia
  • 46 Benefits of Interpretation
  • Geocaching
  • Frank Slide Interpretive Centre: Part Two
  • J.B. Harkin: Father of Canada’s National Parks 


  • The Great War Veteran
  • Meditative Minute on the Mantle
  • Playmaking by Collective Creation
  • Behind the Smiles: where funding comes from
  • Battle of Culloden
  • Input Workshop Results
  • Online Survey Results
  • Interpretation With Puppets


  • “Interpretation, Idealism and Praxis” Revisited
  • In the Cabinet Shop
  • The Role of Heritage Interpretation in Creating Positive Visitor Experiences
  • Botanical Pollution
  • Reading the Building
  • Frank Slide Interpretive Centre: Part One
  • Modern Alternatives to Standards
  • The Birth Of IC


  • “Personations”
  • Interpretation, Idealism and Praxis: What makes us tick?
  • Freeman Who? How I Really Learned to be an Interpreter
  • Training Ideas for a Great Summer Team
  • Sustainability Dialogues
  • Interpretation Makes Dollars and Sense
  • Surviving Unemployment by Stephanie Yuill
  • Blackfoot Crossing by Joan Lawrence
  • Rob Keip


  • Storytelling Place: An Interpretive Planning Tool
  • Top Ten Walking Tour Tips
  • Learning as they Play
  • More with Less: Interpretation in the Information Age
  • A Kitful of Memories
  • Writing for the Web: I'm no expert BUT… 
  • Stories Bring Archaeological Island to Life
  • Snap Shot: Interpretation in Canada


• Urban Environmental Ed Study
• Canglish II—Beyond Spelling
• What is Effective Education?
• Two Hundred Museums
• Snap Shot Canada
• IC History
• History of Canadian Interpretation (excerpt)

• Ghost Walks
• Kayak Tour Guide Study
• Social Marketing 
• Vibrant Community
• Of Conflicts and Cooperatives
• Mirrors and Metaphysics
• John Crosby

• Atmosphere for Learning
• Take Care of Your Voice
• The Urban Interpreter 
• Mobility-Impaired Seniors
• Fur Trade in a Box
• Inspiring Ideas
• Canglish Part 1 
• The Write Stuff
• BC Aboriginal Tourism
• Bob Gray

• Death and Disaster
• Graphing Learners and Leaders
• Cuba’s Interpretation Journey
• PDA Technology for Museums
• Size Matters at Calgary Zoo
• Terry Fox Tour
• Recycle Away
• Military Museum Theatre
• Ted Underhill

• Towards Stewardship
• Free Choice Learning
• Intangible Heritage 
• First Person Interpretation
• Faces of Fire
• Storytelling for Human Angle
• Blue Means Peace
• Cure for Interpretative Rut
• Word Play and Enlightenment
• Stu Heard
• Today’s Academic Journals
Journal of Interpretation Research
Museum Education Monitor
• Pre-Program Jitters
• When the Media Calls
• Day-Long Leadership
• A Player’s Progress
• Odyssey
• The Medium is the Message
• Norman B. Sanson
• Web-based Interpretation
• Australian Interp Trends
• Harnessing Drama 
• Archival Skills for Elementary Classes
• Goodbye Funding, Hello Darwin
• Beck and Cable’s Book
• Wrong Gate at the Right Time 
• Harry R. Webster

• Environmental Mind Grind
• Interpretation and Waste Management
• Megaflood Traveling Edu-Kit
• Evaluating Interpretive Media
• Fifteen Minutes with Andy Warhol
• What Good Are Bugs?
• Ross Dobson

• Oceans of Emotion
• Object Theatre 
• Journaling
• Field Trip Fair
• Goals, Objectives and Themes—Bah!
• Hinterland Who’s Who Leaps Forward
• Painful Lesson of Finches and Men
• Dalton Muir

• Beyond Slide Projectors
• Rethinking Goals, Objectives and Themes
• Questions about Controversial Topics
• Best Evaluation in BARS
• Text: Capitalization
• Joseph Cornell Review
• For Children, with Salmon
• Peter Hope

• Around the World in 80 Days
• IC Modules Review
• HI certification at College
• Find Formal Training
• IC Training Modules
• Using Themes and Objectives
• Extra, Extra, Read All About It!
• Exhibiting Sustainability
• For Children in the Snow
• John Marsh

• Aurora-Seeking Japanese
• Selkirk First Nation
• Spear Throwing With School Classes
• Innovation Not For Sissies
• HI Standards Revised
• Shan Walshe

• Gears, Pulleys and Schools
• Modern Interpreter: Road Warrior!
• Museum Excellence Part 3 
• Rockies Revealed Interpretive Theatre 
• BC Parks Cuts
• Al Helmsley

• Interpreter or Entrepreneur?
• Messages without Borders
• Now the Exhibit Designer
• Parks Canada and Certification
• For Children 9–12 Yrs
• Ferg Lothian 

• CTHRC on Certification
• Planning Interpretive Training
• How Interpreters Make Sense of Their Training
• IC’s Training Modules
• Museum Excellence Part 2
• What is Innovation?
• Bear-Human Safety Vest
• Kananaskis CD Heavy Petal
• Passion, Performance and Profits
• For Children 6–8 Yrs
• Mabel Williams, Aileen Harmon, Alice Johanssen 

• Banff’s New Interpretive Scene
• Jasper Inter(Net)pretation Part 2
• Museum Excellence Part 1 
• Lesser Slave Lake Bird Observatory
• Elbow to Elbow, Nose to Nose
• Benefits of Interpretation
• For Children 2–5 Yrs 
• T.W. “Tony” Pierce
• Jasper Inter(NET)pretation Part 1 
• My Experience with Certification 
• New Allan Brooks Nature Centre
• Snorkeling Interpretation
• Composing Video
• Walter “Wally” Monkman
Members log in to find articles by browsing keywords, authors, descriptions and issues here, and to access articles.
Each issue of InterpScan journal is also posted as an entire pdf. These include association news and small articles that may not be posted separately.  
Terms and Conditions of Use

·       Appropriate Uses:

o   Interpretation Canada encourages broad use of the InterpScan Archive by members in good standing.

o   As a member you are invited to download articles and issues, and to print a single copy for your own use.

o   Members are free to edit planning forms, checklists and tips from the articles to use them for your own projects, providing that you show your appreciation by acknowledging both the author and InterpScan/Interpretation Canada.

o   Members are welcome to include short quotes in their own writings along with normal acknowledgement.

·       Inappropriate Uses:

o   Members or others may not copy and redistribute or post material from the InterpScan Archive for commercial purposes.

o   You may not copy and redistribute or post these materials outside of your own workplace, or in bulk such as course packs or organizational intranets, or in another manner that competes with or substitutes for distribution by Interpretation Canada.

o   Users may not modify, hide, or remove any attribution or copyright notice included in the materials.

By accessing and using the InterpScan Archives, you are agreeing to these terms and conditions.

Interpretation Canada provides these terms and conditions as guidelines to encourage appropriate use, to protect the rights of authors and of the association as publisher, and to enable the archiving and distribution of these valuable resources for the long-run benefit of the interpretive community. 

InterpScan is the official journal of Interpretation Canada. Articles from the current issue back to 2001 are posted here. To read about member news, conferences and the business of our association, open the whole issue pdfs that are also posted here.

Interpretation Canada is relying on fair use under the Canadian Copyright Act.